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After him, 
Tally-Maker was chief,
 who made records.
 Sagimawtenk olumapi,
 leksahowen sohalawak.
Sagima  wtenk
            (Judge after = then)
olum api
        (year person)
leksa            howen
lichi              howen
lie (= put) down  anyone         LENV5O59      HACV7022              soha    la     wak
              seigr  vera  foolk
               tough-like people
A new dicipherment using Sherwin's words does not significantly change the original translation.

 The pictograph represents a record keeper at work.  The original stanza should be used.

Based on the probable location between Sissiton (Buffalo town) and the next recorded location, Minnihaha (little waterfall), the Tally Maker was located somewhere in what is now South Dakota, probably along the BIG SIOUX RIVER.  Today Interstate 29 parallels the BIG SIOUX RIVER as a major travel route.

Many names along the route are LENAPE/NORSE names: Sissiton, Traverse, Wilmot, Milbank, Kampeska, (at Watertown) Norden, Poinsett, Brookings, Minnehaha and others.

Enough LENAPE/NORSE names survive after seven centuries to indicate the probable migration of the Greenland LENAPE.
The paradigm to keep in your heads is that the Greenland LENAPE were a cohesive group of people migrating through a lightly populated land.  The Southern Lenape (Shawnee) people on the land spoke LENAPE but had a nomadic culture. They moved to harvest food. The Shawnee were willing to move out of the way or, maybe, move in with the Greenland LENAPE.
Thousands of people in a cohesive group may have depleted the local food resources over time.  A continual movement of the group at about 20 miles per year may have added new food.  Those LENAPE remaining behind may have survived at did the Shawnee of the nomadic culture.

The LENAPE history was created in the 14th century by historians in the Greenland LENAPE group.  The surrounding people, the Shawnee, had been on the land for over three hundred years.



  1. Thanks Myron, I am in awe at your insightful research. If only a few of the blinkered historians had the engineering training you have: the ability to project a problem solving theory, then to work out how to prove it. I need to do some more rewriting for my novel. ( Greenlanders arriving in 1369 and interactions with the Shawnee).Much appreciated.

  2. I was in that area 2 month ago, and it is an area with lot of food resources, very difference from the western area of South/North Dakota.